PSA-CIEMAT (UAL/CIESOL), ENEA, PSI and PROMES-CNRS propose access to their state-of-the-art high-flux
solar research facilities, unique in Europe and in the world. This opportunity is offered for high-quality research in
the following areas:
• Solar thermal electricity generation: thermodynamic cycles, receivers, thermal storage, concentrating optics,
control algorithms, etc.
• Solar production of benign chemical energy carriers: H2, Syngas, etc.
• Cycles for chemical storage of solar energy: ZnO, etc.
• Research in basic phenomena and nano-material production processes: fullerenes, C-nanotubes, ceramics,
etc.
• Knowledge-based high-added-value material synthesis: ceramics, glass, etc.
• High-flux photochemistry and photo-physics.
• Basic knowledge of materials behaviour and aging under extreme conditions.
• Solar water treatment: desalination, disinfection, detoxification.
• Solar heating and cooling of buildings. Evaluation of solar resources and the techniques for improving the
energy efficiency in buildings.
• Modelling and controlling of concentrating solar technologies for power plants and for industrial process.
Access to these facilities will contribute to creation of the European Research Area by:
• Opening installations to European and ICPC scientists, improving co-operation.
• Improving scientific critical mass in domains where knowledge is now widely dispersed.
• Generating strong Europe-wide R&D project consortia, increasing the competitiveness of each member alone.
Solar energy research can be classified by the concentration ratio of the solar energy:
• Low concentrated solar energy (1 to 10 “suns”). Research is focused mainly on water desalination, disinfection
or detoxification and solar heating and cooling.
• Moderate concentration (10 to 1500 “suns”): Mainly for solar thermal electricity generation, materials
processing or chemical production.
• High concentration (1500 to over 15000 “suns”). The main research domains are energy storage cycles,
production of environmentally benign chemical energy carriers (H2, ‘Syngas’, etc.), high-flux photochemistry,
high-value-added materials synthesis and knowledge of behaviour of multifunctional materials under extreme
conditions.
Research on Levels I and II is exclusively devoted to the valorisation of solar energy as a clean renewable
energy resource. Research in highly concentrated thermal flux on Level III addresses not only the valorisation
of solar energy, but also leads to study of the knowledge of matter under the extreme conditions encountered in
high-temperature research, industrial processes, and spatial applications.
Each partner proposes access to a unique set of solar facilities that together represent a complementary
combination of high solar power and concentration ratios on Levels II and III. The variety and quality of
installations and associated equipment and experience of local teams make it possible to study from small-scale
basic research to large-scale industrial pilot or prototype projects.